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Life expectancy in Germany continued to increase

What is the average age of a baby born today? A current study by the Federal Statistical Office provides information on average life expectancy in Germany and the factors that influence life expectancy.

Currently, a newborn girl can live to 83.4 years, a newborn boy 78.6 years. (Photo: Fabian Strauch / dpa)

Life expectancy in Germany is increasing. Experts attach great importance to lifestyle and diet – just as the health system, education and social status also play a role. Many factors affect the likely lifespan of people.

What is the current average life expectancy?

However, statistically speaking, boys and girls currently born in Germany can expect a slightly longer life than those born a few years before them. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the average life expectancy in Germany has increased again. The agency reported that a newborn girl can currently live to be 83.4 years old. For newborn boys, the average life expectancy is 78.6 years.

In theory, life expectancy could be higher

According to the results of the 2017/2019 life table, life expectancy in Germany has increased by around 0.1 years for girls and boys compared to the last calculation for the period 2016-2018 – i.e. by a little over a month.

If we consider not only the current situation, but also the future development on the basis of currently foreseeable trends, according to a calculation model, the average life expectancy of children born today could be significantly higher: girls could then live to age 93 and boys to age 90. Years.

Where does he live the longest?

There are regional differences: according to current life tables, girls in Baden-Württemberg have the highest life expectancy at birth at 84.2 years and boys born there at 79.8 years. Girls from Saarland at 82.2 years old and boys from Saxony-Anhalt at 76.4 years old have the lowest values. The difference in life expectancy between the sexes is greatest in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania with 6.3 years and lowest in Hesse with 4.3 years.

East-West differences have diminished

These differences are minor in an international comparison. “In the United States, there are very large regional differences in life expectancy,” said Sebastian Klüsener of the Federal Institute for Demographic Research in Wiesbaden. In Germany, however, the differences in east-west life expectancy have decreased significantly since reunification, although there are still considerable economic differences between east and west.

Rich people live longer

“The wealthier social classes have a higher life expectancy, which is also the case in Germany,” said Enno Nowossadeck, research assistant at the Robert Koch Institute. In an international comparison, Germany is in the middle of the highly developed countries in terms of life expectancy – Switzerland, Sweden and Monaco are in the lead. “Life expectancy naturally increases with improvement in general health,” he said. The success of anti-tobacco campaigns, for example, is now also reflected here: “It seems to be having an effect now.” Mortality from lung cancer has declined in men in particular.

Not everyone uses the health system

“Lifestyles are very important,” Klüsener said. Almost everyone would have access to good health care and prophylaxis, but not everyone uses it. Here, the level of education often plays a role, but also the general satisfaction with life: “Those who are satisfied with their life often want to live as long as possible and are ready to do something about it.” Even though people are aware that smoking or increasing alcohol consumption is bad health, some are not ready to do without it (vb; source: Eva Krafczyk, dpa)

Also read: How long will I still live? The app predicts life expectancy.

Author and source information

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This text conforms to the requirements of specialized medical literature, medical directives and current studies and has been verified by health professionals.


Graduate Editor (FH) Volker Blasek


Federal Statistical Office: Life expectancy of newborn girls 83.4 years, boys 78.6 years (published: 29.09.2020),

Important note:
This article is provided for informational purposes only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. It cannot replace a visit to the doctor.